Preventive and Diagnostic
Comprehensive Evaluation / Oral Examination
During your evaluation, we may review home care instructions, perform an oral cancer screening and take digital radiographs. Radiographs allow for a more complete examination, helping the doctor to detect cavities, problems in existing dental restorations, gum and bone recession or other abnormal conditions within the mouth, head and neck area. Your oral examination will include a visual inspection of the mouth, head, and neck, performed to detect abnormalities.
Regular Dental Check Ups / Cleaning
Regular dental check-ups and hygiene visits are essential for maintaining excellent oral health, fresh breath, and diagnosing potential problems early. Our hygienists will reinforce oral home care routines to practice on a daily basis specific to each patient’s needs. Periodontal disease or ‘gum disease’ is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults and is completely preventable in most cases. Professional dental cleanings combined with a proper home-care routing can remove the disease causing bacteria and plaque.
Fluoride is a mineral that is not added to our water supply here on Long Island. It has been found to reduce the number of teeth that get cavities by half in children with a developing dentition. In adults, fluoride can reduce the incidence of root decay and eliminate temperature sensitive teeth caused by gum recession. Fluoride is found in vitamin supplements given to children, and rinses or gels for adults (and children undergoing orthodontic treatment). Topical Fluoride is essential in patients wearing braces to prevent tooth decay and demineralization around bands and brackets which leads to discolored teeth.
Sealants are a thin layer of flowable composite that fills in the pits and grooves on the chewing surface of molars and premolars. Most dental decay begins in these areas. When done properly, sealants will dramatically reduce the incidence of decay in children. They can be applied without anesthesia or needles and usually only need to be done once per tooth to get a child through adolescence cavity-free.
Custom Mouth Guards
Many sports require athletes to use a mouth guard to protect their teeth while practicing and playing. Frequently used in contact sports, the mouth guard covers the gums and teeth to provide protection for lips, gums, teeth, and arches. A properly fitted mouth guard can reduce the severity of dental injuries.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is a non-surgical procedure used to treat gum disease. During the scaling process, specialized dental instruments are used to remove dental plaque and calculus from beneath the gums. Planing is the procedure used to smooth the tooth roots after the scaling process. Root planing helps the gums heal and reattach themselves to a cleaner and smoother root surface.
Root Canal Treatment
Root canals are most often necessary when decay has reached the nerve of the tooth or the tooth has become infected. When root canal therapy is performed, infected or inflamed pulp is removed from the tooth chamber. The inside of the tooth is then cleaned and disinfected before being filled and sealed to limit the possibility of future infection. Soon after the root canal is performed, the tooth is restored with a dental crown or filling to protect the tooth and restore normal tooth function.
A tooth that can not be saved with restorative procedures may need to be removed. Before removal of the tooth, the area will be numbed with anesthesia. The tooth is loosened from the jawbone and surrounding ligaments and tissues with a gentle rocking motion. Once it is loose, it is gently removed. Stitches may be necessary after the removal of a tooth.
Oral Health and Overall Wellness
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